V. Sulym, O. Zadorozhna. Organization of medical students’ learning autonomy in the context of building German communicative strategies in reading and listening

Social Sciences / Education / Theory

Submitted on: Oct 01, 2017, 07:56:56

Description: The article is devoted to the analysis of the concept and structure of learning autonomy. Leaning autonomy is defined as learning and educational activity that is regulated by a student individually in the conditions of relative independence of the teacher. The structure of learning autonomy comprises the following components: learning competence, businesslike activity, constructive and creative activity, reflexive self-evaluation. The branched structure of learning autonomy incorporates appropriate strategies and skills. The learning strategies to acquire speaking and language competences are represented with metacognitive, cognitive, affective strategies and strategies of handing emotional tension. The skills of learning autonomy facilitate independent acquisition of new skills and abilities and encourage a student to arrange and manage learning activity in the self-regulation mode as well. The role of reflexion is focused in the process of fostering learning activity awareness. Reflexion provides for building of individual styles of learning and educational activity, model of autonomous personality. A student equipped with the strategies of induction and skills of reflexion is free to choose an individual pattern of learning behaviour. The four components of learning autonomy of medical students (orientational component, setting of objectives, regulative component and reflexive component ) are implemented into the four stages: preparatory stage, planning; operation, monitoring and evaluation of performance. The driving force of learning autonomy is the situation of real choice of objective, motive, strategies, methods and forms of evaluation. The situation of choice encourages personal reflexion, self-analysis and self perception that contribute largely to self-improvement.

The Library of Congress (USA) reference page : http://lccn.loc.gov/cn2013300046.

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