Kofanov Andrii, Kofanova Olena. Specifics Of Activity Of The Armed Executive Body – Gendarmerie

Social Sciences / Law / Equity and trusts

Submitted on: May 01, 2019, 02:34:22

Description: The gendarmerie, one of the few state institutions in France, has been in existence for over 200 years and has a status as a significant component of the country's armed forces and is an extremely important part of the police system. The gendarmerie is subordinated to the Ministry of Defense (on the authority of the Main Directorate), and on the ground - to the command of military districts. At the same time, the gendarmerie is at the operational disposal of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Justice. Significant autonomy within the Armed Forces allows the gendarmerie to combine military functions with purely police and administrative ones. The difference between police and gendarmerie is that the police are civilian civil servants. They can wear civilian clothes and trade union and political freedoms. Gendarmes also have the status of servicemen and military ranks, always in uniform, not entitled to strike and are responsible for violations in accordance with military charters - from guardians to dismissal from service (for example, for the use of alcohol "in the performance of official duties" the gendarme is threatened arrest for up to 30 days). Legally, the National Gendarmerie has the following tasks: maintaining public order, preventing crime, ensuring road safety; execution of orders of judicial institutions, conducting of inquiry, gathering of evidence and establishment of guilty before the investigation; health communication, important state objects, the rule of law in the armed forces (including the fight against desertion, military support columns, receiving and sending conscripts); assisting the population in emergency situations (in co-operation with the civil defense forces); perform tasks for the benefit of other ministries, such as Ministry of Finance the task of collecting fines, debts, control of commercial patents.

The Library of Congress (USA) reference page : http://lccn.loc.gov/cn2013300046.

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