Андрій Кофанов. International Experience Of The U.s. Bureau Of Alcohol, Tobacco And Firearms Operation (civil Law And Criminal Law Relationship)

Social Sciences / Law / Common law and equity

Submitted on: Nov 17, 2019, 06:46:37

Description: The U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) is a tax-collecting, enforcement and regulatory arm of the U.S. Department of the Treasury [2, pp. 1E"7]. In common with all other members of the executive branch, ATFEs responsibility is established by congressional action. ATF cannot enact a law, nor can it amend the law. Charged as it is with fiscal oversight of some of the most controversial topics in Western civilization, ATF strives to maintain professional neutrality while giving a 35-to-1 return on every dollar it spends. ATF has the best cost-to-collection ratio in the federal family. ATF is the youngest tax-collecting Treasury agency, separated from the Internal Revenue Service by Treasury Department Order No. 120-1 (former No. 221), effective 1 July 1972. Notwithstanding, ATF traces its roots across two hundred years of American history.

The Library of Congress (USA) reference page : http://lccn.loc.gov/cn2013300046.

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Kofanov BATF 1 18.11.2019.docx

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