John C. Hodge. Ad hoc additions to theories suggest a new paradigm

Natural Sciences / Physics / General Physics

Submitted on: Jun 04, 2022, 12:41:27

Description: The current, accepted theories in cosmology and quantum realms encompass observations that are not explained by the theory. A method to account for these observations is to suggest new, ad hoc additions to the theory. The ad hoc additions suggest the need for a paradigm shift to produce a simpler theory with broader scope and with a cause-effect physical interaction such as the Scalar Theory of Everything (STOE). Links to papers showing calculations and observational data comparison are found in Hodge, 2020, IntellectualArchive, Vol.9, No. 4, P. 14; DOI: 10.32370/IA_2020_12_3 ; See video: Inflation, negative energy, Dark Matter, action-at-a-distance, and Dark Energy are ad hoc additions to the Big Bang model of cosmology. Other problematic assumptions are spacetime, infinities, decreasing temperature, and increasing entropy of the universe. The strong force, weak force, and the orbits of electrons around a nucleus are ad hoc additions to the atomic models. Other problematic assumptions are the weird results from the assumption of the probabilistic nature of the universe and that the speed of light limits the speed of causality.

The Library of Congress (USA) reference page :

To read the article posted on Intellectual Archive web site please click the link below.


© Shiny World Corp., 2011-2023. All rights reserved. To reach us please send an e-mail to