Adrian Glaubitz. Laser-induced Spin Dynamics in Metallic Multilayers

Natural Sciences / Physics / Optics

Submitted on: Jun 04, 2012, 14:30:56

Description: Electronic excitations in a ferromagnet can trigger ultrafast spin dynamics with potential applications in a speed increase in magnetic recording. The project investigates ultrafast magnetization dynamics, which is driven in metallic layers by ballistic hot electrons. In a ferromagnet these electrons induce a change in the absolute value of the magnetization M through spin-dependent scattering. If the electrons are spin-polarized, scattering at the interface of a noble metal and a ferromagnet results in spin-transfer torque and hence modifies the direction of M. To reveal the underlying mechanisms, we study model systems, which are realized by layers of Au with its large ballistic mean free path and Fe as an itinerant ferromagnet. We aim at understanding ultrafast demagnetization and femtosecond all-optical generation of spin transfer torque effects (excitation of hot electrons with a femtosecond laser). The launched dynamics are probed by magneto-optics in a time-resolved experiment.

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