E. D. Vol. On the statistical description of classical open systems with integer variables by the Lindblad equation
Submitted on: May 10, 2012, 18:18:30
Natural Sciences / Physics / Particle physics
Description: We propose the consistent statistical approach to consider a wide class of classical open systems whose states are specified by a set of positive integers(occupation numbers).Such systems are often encountered in physics, chemistry, ecology, economics and other sciences.Our statistical method based on ideas of quantum theory of open systems takes into account both discreteness of the system variables and their time fluctuations - two effects which are ignored in usual mean field dynamical approach.The method let one to calculate the distribution function and (or)all moments of the system of interest at any instant.As descriptive examples illustrating the effectiveness of the method we consider some simple models:one relating to nonlinear mechanics,and others taken from population biology .In all this examples the results obtained by the method for large occupation numbers coincide with results of purely dynamical approach but for small numbers interesting differences and new effects arise.
The Library of Congress (USA) reference page : http://lccn.loc.gov/cn2013300046.
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