Louis Kauffman, Pedro Lopes. The Teneva Game
Submitted on: Sep 18, 2012, 07:02:57
Natural Sciences / Mathematics / Geometry
Description: For each prime p > 7 we obtain the expression for an upper bound on the minimum number of colors needed to non-trivially color T(2, p), the torus knots of type (2, p), modulo p. This expression is t + 2 l -1 where t and l are extracted from the prime p. It is obtained from iterating the so-called Teneva transformations which we introduced in a previous article. With the aid of our estimate we show that the ratio "number of colors needed vs. number of colors available" tends to decrease with increasing modulus p. For instance as of prime 331, the number of colors needed is already one tenth of the number of colors available. Furthermore, we prove that 5 is minimum number of colors needed to non-trivially color T(2, 11) modulo 11. Finally, as a preview of our future work, we prove that 5 is the minimum number of colors modulo 11 for two rational knots with determinant 11.
The abstract of this article will be published in the September 2012 issue of "Intellectual Archive Bulletin", ISSN 1929-1329.
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